With rising temperatures, increasing consumer power, and rapid urbanization, the demand for cooling is growing in Indian cities. To help meet these challenges, NRDC India is working to phase down HFCs, increase air conditioner efficiency, and promote cool roofs and green buildings for all.
India has a long record of leadership under the Montreal Protocol, from their indispensable role in the negotiations that formed the Montreal Protocol in 1987 to, in 2016, forging a path forward on the Kigali Amendment. Since then, the Indian government has been an outspoken champion of enhancing energy efficiency in cooling, alongside the HFC phasedown. In 2019, India’s Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change published a first-of-its-kind guiding document called the India Cooling Action Plan, which set several ambitious targets, including reducing refrigerant and cooling demand by about one-quarter in 2038.
Indian industry champions have also led the world, leapfrogging over HFCs as they phase out ozone-depleting substances. Today, nearly one-third of the room air conditioner sector, for example, is estimated to use climate-friendlier alternatives to HFCs, including refrigerants R32 and R290. The insulating foam industry has also succeeded in almost entirely avoiding use of HFCs.
Cooling & Efficiency Strategies
Conduct new analyses on HFC-phase down scenarios for India to support India’s implementation of the Kigali Amendment & ICAP via engagement with ICAP Thematic Committee leadership, Indian government, and other stakeholders
Build the business case for energy efficient air conditioners through strong AC efficiency standards via outreach to stakeholders, integrating low-GWP and efficiency standards, and working with industry
Expand the scope of Heat Action Plans (HAPs) with cool roofs and regularly update temperature thresholds for early warning systems
Evaluate the impacts of building energy code compliance and demonstrate actual energy savings and strengthen compliance
Energy Efficiency Publications
Cooling with Less Warming: Scenarios for Phasing Down Hydrofluorocarbons in India
Energy Efficiency lead
Senior Strategic Director,
Climate & Clean Energy Program
Energy Co-Director, Climate
& Clean Energy Program
HFC Expert, Climate & Clean
Energy and International Programs
Senior Advocate, Cooling and Efficiency,
India, International Program
Director, China Sustainable Cities Project,
Policy Advocate, Climate & Clean